Pediatric Diabetes and Endocrinology
Achieving ideal glycemic control in children and adolescents with diabetes remains a major challenge. The Management of diabetes requires an age-explicit methodology, considering the necessities and characteristics related to specific developmental stages. Variable eating patterns and physical activity, along with limited ability impart symptoms of hypoglycemia/hyperglycemia are the principle challenges in youngsters.In adolescents, changes in insulin sensitivity identified with physical development and pubertal hormonal changes, mental and behavioural issues and poor compliance can entangle diabetes management. Additional factors in youngsters with diabetes include family dynamics, wellbeing status and care outside home.
Pediatric Endocrinology is a subspecialty of pediatrics dealing with metabolic and endocrine disorders in children. The most common disease of the speciality is type 1 diabetes , which usually accounts for at least 50% of a typical clinical practice. The next most common problem is growth disorders , especially those amenable to growth hormone treatment. Pediatric endocrinologists are usually the primary physicians involved in the medical care of infants and children with intersex disorders. It also deals with hypoglycaemia and other forms of hyperglycemia in childhood, variations of puberty as well other adrenal, thyroid and pituitary problems.
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