Endocrinology and Metabolism
Endocrine disorders involve the body’s over- or under-production of certain hormones, while metabolic disorders affect the body’s ability to process certain nutrients and vitamins. Endocrine disorders include hypothyroidism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, diseases of the parathyroid gland, diabetes mellitus, diseases of the adrenal glands (including Cushing’s syndrome and Addison’s disease), and ovarian dysfunction (including polycystic ovary syndrome), among others. Some examples of metabolic disorders include cystic fibrosis, phenylketonuria (PKU), hyperlipidaemia, gout, and rickets.
Endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases and its specific secretions known as hormones, growth promotion and malignancy. Behavioural endocrinology is the study of hormonal processes and neuroendocrine systems that influence or regulate behaviour. Endocrinology includes the wide area that not only affects our endocrine system, but also has effects on skin which shows indirectly involvement of dermatology.
Metabolic syndrome is a medical disorder results in formation of cluster of conditions that includes, increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Metabolic syndrome is closely linked to overweight or obesity and inactivity and also linked to a condition called insulin resistance. Genetic factors influence each individual component of the syndrome, and the syndrome itself. Metabolic syndrome is also known as syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, or dysmetabolic syndrome.
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